The second speaker, Dr. Eid Abdel-Meguid, Director, Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute, Egypt, addressed the issues of Biodiversity and Biotechnology. He indicated that states have sovereign rights over their own biological resources and should enjoy a fair and equitable sharing of the benefitsarising from the utilization of these resources. He concluded that intellectual property protection in Biotechnology is needed because innovation is expensive to develop and cheap to produce.
On the second day, Mr. Hopperger, Head, Information and Training Section, Trademarks, Industrial Designs and Geographical Indications Department, WIPO, addressed the issue of protection of Geographical Indications referring to the Paris Convention, TRIPs and The Lisbon Agreement for appellations of origins. He presented WIPO Guidelines for the protection of Well–Known Trademarks. He also made a comparison between the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Trademarks,
prompting the countries to join the Protocol.

In spite

In the following session, Mr. Paul Harris of Hammonds, U.K., explained the application of Exhaustion of IPR's in the U.K., Europe and the U.S.A. He referred to Articles (2 & 3, 28 & 30) of the Treaty of Rome and quoted also art.7 Directive 89 / 104 / EEC in this respect. Mr. Samir Hamza of Baker & McKenzie Law Firm Egypt, explained that exhaustion of IPR's under the new Egyptian Law No. 82 / 2002 will impact on parallel imports and pricing of goods because it is applicable to patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights. AEPPI strongly opposed extending such exhaustion to copyrights.

The afternoon session was dedicated to enforcement issues. Mr. Taubman addressed multilateral enforcement mechanisms. Whereby, Ms. Ola Zahran,Counselor, Cooperation for Development Bureau for Arab Countries, WIPO,focused on alternative dispute resolution procedures and Dr. Hossam Loutfi completed the picture with the Domain Name Dispute Resolution according to WIPO procedures.

The closing session was highlightened by the presentation of Dr. Fawzi El Rifai, President of the Academy of Scientific Research (in charge of the Patent Office). He described briefly the processing of patent applications at the Egyptian Patent Office from paper work stream-line to electronic filing system with an on-line demonstration. Dr. El Rifai also announced that Egypt

has signed the PCT Agreement.
In their closing addresses, Mrs. Hoda A. Serageldine spoke of the role of non-governmental organizations, media and

educational institutions in increasing awareness of the importance of IPR's and Mr. Sherif Saadallah focused on the role of WIPO in promoting IPR's in the developing countries. He stressed the fact that developing countries should not concentrate only on the subject of obligations imposed by IPR's, they should aim to develop new technologies and reap benefits from the IP system.
In this respect, AEPPI would like to thank WIPO for their generous support as well as all the distinguished speakers, chairpersons, reporters who accepted to participate in this event. A special acknowledgment should go to the Members of the Organizing Committee who dedicated a lot of their professional time to prepare an attractive social program for the participants which culminated with a full day visit to the spectacular Library of Alexandria

The Egyptian National Group Activity Report for Year 2003

During 2003, the Egyptian Association for Protection of Intellectual Property ("AEPPI") organized and participated in many activities whether locally or internationally.


The following is a summary of these activities:


WIPO/AEPPI International Symposium on Intellectual Property Protection in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries.
This Symposium was held on April 14 -15, 2003, in the Nile Hilton Hotel and was attended by 120 participants, mostly local patent attorneys and representatives from the pharmaceutical industry. Several participants came from Eastern Europe and some Arab countries.
The Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research gave the opening speech together with Mr. Sherif Saadallah Director for Cooperation and Development (WIPO) and Mrs. Hoda Serageldine President of AEPPI.
The presentations and topics discussed were:
(a) Health Issues under the Doha Declaration by Dr. Hossam Loutfi (Shalakany Law Office).
(b) The WIPO Patent Agenda by Mr. Anthony Taubman (WIPO).
(c) Compulsory Licensing by Mrs. Esmee Du Plessis (Adams and Adams)
(d) Biodiversity and Biotechnology by Dr. Eid Abdel Maguid (AGERI)
(e) The Protection of Geographical Indications by Mr. Hopperger (WIPO)
(f) The Exhaustion of Rights in the UK by Mr. Paul Harris (Hammonds)
(g) The Exhaustion of IPR's in Egypt by Mr. Samir Hamza (Baker & McKenzie,Cairo)
(h) Multilateral Enforcement Issues by Mr. Taubman
(i) Dispute Resolution Process by Ms. Ola Zahran (WIPO); and
(j) The Domain Names Dispute Resolution by Dr. Hossam Lotfi
The final session was chaired by the President of the Academy of Scientific Research in Egypt.


Seminar on the New Egyptian Intellectual Property Law and the Trips
This Seminar was held on July 8, 2003 and featured the presentation of Dr. Hossam Badrawi, member of the Egyptian National Assembly, who participated in the issuance of the new Intellectual Property Law, and Ambassador Gamal Bayoumi from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

3- AIPPI Executive Committee Meeting :


This meeting was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, during the period from October 25 to October 29, 2003. The Egyptian delegation was represented by four members who participated in all the activities associated with this meeting.
Response to AIPPI Questions :


The Egyptian Group responded, during 2003, to the following questions:
Q174 Questionnaire on Jurisdiction and Applicable Law
Q178 Questionnaire on Scope of Patent Protection
Q180 Questionnaire on Content and Relevance of Industrial Applicability for Patentability
Q181 Questionnaire on Conditions for Registration and Scope of Protection of Non-Conventional Trademarks
Q182 Questionnaire on Database Protection at National & International Level
Q183 Questionnaire on Employers' Rights to Intellectual Property
5- General Assemblies :

There were two general assemblies held during 2003, one Ordinary General Meeting (OGM) and the other an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM).
The OGM elected the current board of directors for a term of two years and the EGM normalized the legal status of AEPPI based on the new law for associations issued in 2002

Meetings with Egyptian Officials :

The AEPPI board members met with numerous government officials and presented several memos that highlight the interest of its members, including comments for overcoming the problems encountered in dealing with both the Trademark Office and the Patent Office in Cairo.

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