Opening Session

The opening session was headed by Ms. Hoda Serag El Din who gave a welcome speech to the audience followed by welcome speeches from representatives from the above organizations in addition to Counselor Hisham Ragab who represented the Ministry of Industry and Trade in Egypt by giving a speech on behalf of the Minister.

The audience totaled around one hundred and twenty (120) participants from different sectors involved in the IP field (patent attorneys, lawyers, industrialists and government officials responsible for IP).

First Session

Intellectual Property Serving Entrepreneurship

Moderator:  Dr. Mustafa Abou El Enein
                     Head of the Commercial Registry

i) WIPO’s Role in Enhancing IP for Small and Medium Enterprises

Speaker:    Counselor Amr Abdel Aziz

ii) IP Serving Small and Medium Enterprises (Practical Examples)

Speaker:     Mr. Abdul Motei Lotfi

  Vice Chairman, Federation of Economic Development Associations, and Chairman, Metallurgical and Construction Chemical Co(MCC)
Reporter:    Mr. Tamer El Hennawy
                     Helmy, Hamza & Partners Law F

The main topic of that session was Intellectual Property Serving Entrepreneurship.

The first speaker was Counselor Amr Abd El Aziz and he addressed WIPO’s role in enhancing IP for small and Medium Enterprises.

Counselor Abd El Aziz highlighted WIPO’s mandate in protection and promotion of IP, the large membership base (182) states. WIPO has a number of treaties administered by WIPO (23) treaties which aim at protecting IP. Counselor Abd El Aziz then highlighted the relationship between IP and market development and the fact that such intangible asset in today’s economy plays a great role and has a great value.

Counselor Abd El Aziz thereafter explained that IP may be used by Entrepreneurs in a pathologic manner, i.e. basically to fight counterfeiter and in a dynamic manner to develop the market.

IP requires management to acquire, control the use thereof, manage (i.e grant licneses), and utilize as an asset.

WIPO assists SME by proving information and support through its web site, publications, news letter and by means of distance learning. Therefore, SME may receive information and take procedure without need for a mediator/third party to save costs.

The second speaker was Mr. Abdul Motei Lotfi. Mr. Lotfi’s speech revolved around practical examples in IP serving SMEs.

Mr. Lotfi focused in his speech on a very critical and sensitive issue namely using IP to protect SMEs from employees and customer misuse.

Mr. Lotfi cited the actual experience he had with employees resigning and then competing with the former employer using IP such employer owns. Naturally, the ability to prohibit such use of IP would differ based on whether the IP is protected or not.

The same issue arises when a customer being a distributor decides to utilize a supplier IP (trade mark/design) and promote a product the distributor decides to produce.


Second Session
IP and Successful Technology Licensing for Small and Medium Enterprises (Practical and Legal)

Moderator:   Dr. Ashraf Mohamed Shehata
  Vice Chairman, Egyptian Junior Business Association
Chairman of Sheta Tex
Professor of Management at the German University in Cairo
Speaker:       Mr. Ali Jaiziri
  Head, Innovation and Technology Transfer Section, Patent Division
IP and Transfer of Technology

Speaker:       Mr. Samir Hamza (in the absence of Dr. Hossam Lotfi)
                       Attorney at Law and Vice President of AEPPI
Reporter:      Mr. Gamal Ahmed Abou Ali
                       Hassouna & Abou Ali Law Firm - AEPPI
Brief Summary

Mr. Ali Jaiziri’s presentation tackled the impact of Successful Technology Licensing (STL) for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) on economic growth. To reach a STL, a party must own a valuable IP licensed to another party in the context of a business relationship. The interests of the parties are typically different but a successful agreement can be reached when the following four (4) key terms are negotiated and well addressed: (i) subject matter: what is licensed?; (ii) scope: what can you do with it?; (iii) financials: what value does it have and means of compensation?; and (iv) upgrades: what will happen with it in the future?

Building on Mr. Jaiziri’s presentation, Mr. Samir Hamza went on to discuss how the Egyptian Commercial Code No. 17 of 1999 addresses technology transfer contracts (TTC). At the outset, TTCs must be in writing and its duration should not exceed five (5) years, subject to renewal. The Code prohibits a number of practices, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, and imposed obligations on both parties, which aim to (i) protect what the law sees as the weaker party, the licensee; and (ii) distribute responsibilities and risks among the contracting parties. Finally, the Code requires the application of Egyptian law and grants exclusive jurisdiction to Egyptian courts; an issue that caused a lot of controversy.


Third Session
IP and Technology Management (Theoretical and Practical)

Moderator: Counselor Amr Abdel Aziz

Speaker:    Mr. Ihab H. Youssef
  Board Member, Egyptian Junior Business Association, and
Managing Director, Serraj Worldwide (S.A.E.)
Speaker:    Mr. Mohamed Elnawawy
                    Vice President Corporate Strategy, Telecom Egypt

Speaker:    Mr. Ali Jaiziri

The Role of IP in Stimulating Creativity and Innovation

Speaker:    Mr. Stephan Freischem
                    Deputy Secretary General – AIPPI

Reporter:   Mr. Waleed Shoukry
                    Helmy, Hamza & Partners Law Firm - AEPPI

Brief summary
Main points raised in IP Technology Management (Theoretical and Practical) – Speeches of the first part of the Session were presented by:-

1. Mr. Ihab Youssef – stressed on the following points:-

- The importance of regulations in encouraging investors through protecting their rights.
- The importance of IP in protecting the consumers (i.e trade mark infringements).
- IP added value may be reflected in the price of the commodity.
- Investors and private sector should encourage innovation and creation (i.e. Intel and Microsoft).
- Emphasized the importance of exporting Intellectual Property rights not only using same as licensees.

2. Mr. Mohamed El Nawawy addressed the following issues:-

- The potential Market of the Digital transmission is a growing market in Egypt.
- Egypt has been establishing global networks for data transmission.
- It is important to provide the means for transmitting digital content and more essential to protect such digital content.

3. Mr. Ali Aljaziri covered Intellectual Property and Technology Management

He outlined the following issues of his presentations IP Assets and its effect on human life.
- Current Technology Transfer Trends.
- The need of University IP infrastructure to support IP.
- IP and Technology Management in general.
- The role of WIPO support by emphasizing on the University Initiative Program.

4. Mr. Stephen Freischem

He spoke in the second part of the session covering the Role of IP in stimulating creativity and innovation from a historical, point of view up to the current situation in Europe and court decisions. He touched especially on the pros and cons of IP in which it protects investment and provides substantial assets to the Company, by eliminating competition during the period of protection and on the other hand hampers competition through vigorous enforcement.

The creation of unjustified monopolies which may block sequential innovation and fair competition must be avoided.
Fourth Session
Importance of IP in Promoting Innovation within Universities, Research Centers and Public Scientific Institutions





Dr. Nader Riad
Chairman Bavaria Egypt
Vice President, AEPPI

Counselor Amr Abdel Aziz

Dr. Bassem Awad
Judge and Lecturer of IP Law at the Egyptian Universities

Mr. Bowman Heiden
Innovation Director
Qatar Science and Technology Park

Ms. Heba El Toukhy

Helmy, Hamza & Partners Law Firm – AEPPI
Brief Summary

This session of the Symposium covered a vital role of intellectual property and explored the important role of intellectual property in developing countries like Egypt and other Arab countries in the region through the utilization of academic research and protection of inventions that result from scientific researches to support such development.

The speakers started their vision by stating the facts and statistics of the ever diminishing rate of researches vis-à-vis the educated population in the Arab region, and clarifying the reasons that resulted in such decrease such as the lack of attention to developing education and science and lack of investment in innovation, effectively showing the audience our current stance.

Secondly, the speakers expounded examples from other countries that had helped increase the number of researches, such as in Korea which subsidies universities and offers incentives to researchers and students in an effort to promote research and innovation.

The question then arose on how this role can be carried out and what entities will be responsible?

Primarily, universities and research centers shall have the responsibility for hosting researchers and developing science which all speakers concurred as being essential for teaching youth the importance of IP development, how it can be protected through registering patents and the means of commercializing such protected products to harness their economic benefit. Such research would then be employed by the policy makers in order to achieve the utmost benefit on an economic and social level. Policy makers include officials from the government, the private and public sectors, researchers and financial institutions who shall work on the most efficient means of utilizing innovations, exploring market requirements and obtaining the necessary financing to convert scientific researches and inventions into products that will benefit the community and contribute towards the welfare of nations.

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