In spite of the tragic events in the region, the Symposium was a success since it attracted approximately 120 participants, mostly local patent attorneys,lawyers and representatives of pharmaceutical industries but also practitioners from Eastern Europe and the Arab Countries.The opening ceremony started with short welcome addresses from Mrs.Hoda Serageldine, President of the Egyptian Group and Mr. Sherif Saadallah,Director, Cooperation for Development Bureau for Arab Countries (WIPO), who underlined the issues to be discussed during the symposium. H.E. Dr. Mufid Shehab, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research gave a veryenlightening presentation on the historical development of Egyptian Law on matters of intellectual property which was well received by the audience and reproduced in three leading daily newspapers the second day.In the first working session, Mr. Antony Taubman, Acting Director and Head, Traditional Knowledge Division (WIPO), gave a summary of the WIPO Patent Agenda.               Dr. Hossam Loutfy of Shalakani Law Firm, Egypt, highlighted the public health issues under the Doha Declaration and Mrs. Esmee Du Plessis of Adams & Adams (South Africa) focused on compulsory licensing and public health in the developing countries.In the afternoon session, the first speaker, Mr. Taubman indicated that traditional knowledge is inherent to culture. It is very local in character and bound to a community. While genetic resources are defined under several international instruments there is no universally recognized definition for traditional knowledge.
The second speaker, Dr. Eid Abdel-Meguid, Director, Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute, Egypt, addressed the issues of Biodiversity and Biotechnology. He indicated that states have sovereign rights over their own biological resources and should enjoy a fair and equitable sharing of the benefitsarising from the utilization of these resources. He concluded that intellectual property protection in Biotechnology is needed because innovation is expensive to develop and cheap to produce.

On the second day, Mr. Hopperger, Head, Information and Training Section, Trademarks, Industrial Designs and Geographical Indications Department, WIPO, addressed the issue of protection of Geographical Indications referring to the Paris Convention, TRIPs and The Lisbon Agreement for appellations of origins. He presented WIPO Guidelines for the protection of Well–Known Trademarks. He also made a comparison between the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Trademarks,
prompting the countries to join the Protocol.
In spite

In the following session, Mr. Paul Harris of Hammonds, U.K., explained the application of Exhaustion of IPR's in the U.K., Europe and the U.S.A. He referred to Articles (2 & 3, 28 & 30) of the Treaty of Rome and quoted also art.7 Directive 89 / 104 / EEC in this respect. Mr. Samir Hamza of Baker & McKenzie Law Firm Egypt, explained that exhaustion of IPR's under the new Egyptian Law No. 82 / 2002 will impact on parallel imports and pricing of goods because it is applicable to patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights. AEPPI strongly opposed extending such exhaustion to copyrights.

The afternoon session was dedicated to enforcement issues. Mr. Taubman addressed multilateral enforcement mechanisms. Whereby, Ms. Ola Zahran,Counselor, Cooperation for Development Bureau for Arab Countries, WIPO,focused on alternative dispute resolution procedures and Dr. Hossam Loutfi completed the picture with the Domain Name Dispute Resolution according to WIPO procedures.

The closing session was highlightened by the presentation of Dr. Fawzi El Rifai, President of the Academy of Scientific Research (in charge of the Patent Office). He described briefly the processing of patent applications at the Egyptian Patent Office from paper work stream-line to electronic filing system with an on-line demonstration. Dr. El Rifai also announced that Egypt
has signed the PCT Agreement.

In their closing addresses, Mrs. Hoda A. Serageldine spoke of the role of non-governmental organizations, media and
educational institutions in increasing awareness of the importance of IPR's and Mr. Sherif Saadallah focused on the role of WIPO in promoting IPR's in the developing countries. He stressed the fact that developing countries should not concentrate only on the subject of obligations imposed by IPR's, they should aim to develop new technologies and reap benefits from the IP system.

In this respect, AEPPI would like to thank WIPO for their generous support as well as all the distinguished speakers, chairpersons, reporters who accepted to participate in this event. A special acknowledgment should go to the Members of the Organizing Committee who dedicated a lot of their professional time to prepare an attractive social program for the participants which culminated with a full day visit to the spectacular Library of Alexandria
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The Egyptian Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AEPPI) Report on


Organized byThe World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in cooperation with The Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and The Egyptian Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AEPPI)Cairo, April 4 & 5, 2005


This Symposium was held on April 4 -5, 2005, in the Cairo Grand Hyatt Hotel and was attended by 128 participants, including government officials, local and foreign IP agents, attorneys and representatives from the pharmaceutical and other industries. Several participants came from Europe and Arab countries.

Mrs. Hoda A. Serageldine, President of the Egyptian Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AEPPI), delivered a welcome address at the opening ceremony in the presence of Mr. Luis Alfonso Duran, Reporter General of the International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (AIPPI), and Mr. Sherif Saadallah, Executive Director, Intellectual Property and Economic Development Department, WIPO,Geneva.

In his speech, Mr. Duran spoke on the role of AIPPI and the national groups, including the Egyptian Group, in educating the public as to the importance of the protection of IP right in all its kinds and forms and IP’s role in economic development, the spread of innovation and development of education. Mr. Duran later pointed out that the problem was not the protection of IPR but the underlying economic problems. He went on to say that not providing protection to owners of the IP will not resolve the economic problems, which must be addressed on its own.

Mr. Sherif Saadallah focused on that the best use of the IP system does not only rest with the availability of inductive legal environment but requires in the first place the existence of general policies aiming at the encouragement of both public and private sectors to invest in research and development, promote innovation and inventions at the national level, taking care of human resources, preventing the brain drain, improve production to be able to compete in the local, regional and international markets and the encouragement of local industries to implement and develop swiftly new technologies.

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